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Iris: The Rainbow Flower


| 4/30/2020 11:43:00 AM


Irises come in every color of the rainbow.  They are versatile plants, having a wide range of uses in the garden.  There is an iris for almost every garden need:  wet or dry, short or tall, spring or fall flowers, as specimen plantings or groupings.  You can have irises in bloom from March through November (and sometimes December) even in zone 6.

 Blog8  iris gardens

There are two main categories of iris:  Beardless and Bearded.  Within the beardless irises several types including those below.  These each have their own cultivation needs, which you can learn more about at Draycott Gardens.

  • Japanese which love water, bloom in July, and have beautiful color patterns
  • Siberian are very graceful with leaves that stay green and lovely throughout the growing season. They bloom in June
  • Louisiana which need lots of water and were the first group of irises to achieve true red color
  • Dutch irises are the only ones that grow from bulbs, and are often used in floral arrangements
  • Flags while pretty are invasively vigorous and can quickly choke waterways
  • Pacific Coast Natives are some of the loveliest irises with beautiful flowers and color patterns but they only grow well in specific areas – hence the name

 Bearded irises are what most people think of when you say you grow iris.  They come in a wide variety of sizes and bloom seasons.  Learn about bearded irises at Iris Hills Farm.

  • Minature Dwarf Bearded Iris bloom in early April and are the smallest bearded irises at less than 8 inches tall
  • Standard Dwarf Bearded Iris range from 8-15 inches and bloom in mid-April to very early May. They are cute and vigorous, filling the garden with color when very little but tulips and daffodils are yet in bloom

There are three types of bearded iris that all grow between 16-27 inches tall:



  • Intermediate Bearded are robust and lovely, blooming in between the dwarf and taller irises
  • Miniature Tall Bearded are graceful with stalks and flowers that are slender and petite, often walking away with awards at iris shows
  • Border Bearded have the same size flowers as the Tall Bearded irises but have shorter stalks
  • Tall Bearded Iris are big, showy, and colorful, growing up to 4 feet tall

 Blog8  My Missus Carter



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