Henna

Learn more about the henna plant, which produces a natural dye; henna dye is one of the oldest cosmetics in the world, dating back to Ancient Egypt.

| January 2020

henna-tree
Figure 1 – General habit of L. inermis. Photo by S. Sanogo, IER.

Taxonomy and Nomenclature

Family. Lythraceae

Synonyms. Lawsonia speciosa L., L. spinosa L.

Vernacular / Common Names. Henna (English); henné, réséda de France (French); djabi (Bambara); pouddi (Peul).



Plant Description

Life form. Shrub or tree.

Plant. Evergreen, 2–7 m tall (Figure 1), glabrous, branches often densely tangled, young branches 4-angular, becoming terete, rigid, often spinescent, spines <3.5 cm long [4]. leaves. Elliptic, obovate to oblanceolate, c. 1–6.5 x 0.5–2.5 cm, apex acute or mucronate, petiole short.






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